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BL01B1

Transmission X-ray Microscopy
 
The X-ray has long been employed as an excellent imaging agent ever since the very day when Wilhelm C. Röntgen discovered X-rays in 1895. Because of the deep penetration depth of X-rays in matter, the X-ray microscopy is expected to benefit those researches that prefer a non-destructive probe, for example, the analysis of failure mechanisms in microelectronic devices due to electro-migration, thermal breakdown or inhomogeneity and the characterization of porous materials such as soils and rock as well as the investigation of the transportation behaviour in these porous structures. Furthermore, the X-ray microscopy can be applied in the researches of cells in life science with the 3D "virtual sectioning” capacity, with which one can view either a single cell, cell clusters, or any region of a tissue in a much natural state. With labelling contrast agents, such as gold, in-situ imaging for specific cellular functions is feasible.
The NSRRC transmission X-ray microscope, exploiting the light source generated from an advanced superconducting wavelength shifter, was being stationed at BL01B beamline since September 2004. It was designed and been experimentally shown to provide 2D imaging and 3D tomography in energy range 8-11 keV with a spatial resolution of 50 nm, and with the Zernike-phase contrast capability for imaging light materials.
 
►Contact Information
 
If you have any technical concerns, please contact us!
 
BL01B1 Spokesperson:
Tang, Mau-Tsu (mautsu@nsrrc.org.tw, +886-3-578-0281 Ext: 7107)
 
BL01B1 Beamline Manager:
Wang, Chun-Chieh (wang.jay@nsrrc.org.tw, +886-3-578-0281 Ext: 3173)
 
 
►Technical Information
 

Operational (general use)

Yes

%Time available (general use)

25%

Experiments

TXM

Source

SWLS

Ring Current(mA)

300 mA

Average Beam Lifetime

Infinite Under NSRRC Top Up Conditions

Energy Range

6 ~ 11 keV (2.1 Å ~ 0.89 Å)

Energy Resolution

1 x 10E(-3)

Spot Size

FWHM: 1.00 mm (H) x 0.4 mm (V)

Optics

Toroidal Mirror, Double Crystal Ge(111) Monochromator, Tapered Capiliary Condenser, Micro-Zone-Plate

Flux

3 x 10E(11)

Flux Detailed

Flux Measured Through a 0.5 mm Round Aperture @ 8 keV

Wavelength Min (Å)

0.89

Wavelength Max (Å)

2.1

Monochromator

Double Crystal Monochromator

Crystal Type

Gi(111)

Mirrors

Rh Coated

Mirror Cutoff

15 keV

Detector

Hamamatsu CCD

Lab Facilities

Off-line OM

Software

Amira

Hardware

Xradia TXM

 
 
 
 
►Station Photos
 
The optical assembly of the TXM
 
 ►Publications
 
2015
  1. Marek S. Zbik*, David J. Williams, Yen-Fang Song*, Chun-Chieh Wang, “Smectite clay microtructural behaviour on the Atterberg limits transition”, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 467, 89-96 (2015)
  2. Marek S. Zbik*, David J. Williams, Yen-Fang Song*, Chun-Chieh Wang, “How the Hydro-Gel Flocculation Microstructure Changes”, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 469, 11-19 (2015)
  3. Li-Wei Kuo*, Yen-Fang Song**, Che-Ming Yang, Sheng-Rong Song, Chun-Chieh Wang, Jia-Jyun Dong, John Suppe, Toshihiko Shimamoto, "Ultrafine spherical quartz formation during seismic fault slip: natural and experimental evidence and its implications" (accepted by Tectonophysics (2015))
  4. Chun-Chieh Wang, Yen-Fang Song, Sheng-Rong Song, Qiang JI, Cheng Chiang, Qingjin Meng, Haibing Li, Kiko Hsiao, Yi-Chia Lu, Bor-Yuan Shew, Timothy Huang, and Robert Reisz, “Evolution and Function of Dinosaur Teeth at Ultramicrostructural Level Revealed Using Synchrotron Transmission X-ray Microscopy” (accepted by Scientific Report (2015))
2014
  1. Chia-Nan Lin, Wen-Chin Chen, Yen-Fang Song*, Chun-Chieh Wang, Li-Duan Tsai, and Nae-Lih Wu*, “Understanding Dynamics of Polysulfide Dissolution and Re-deposition in Working Lithium-Sulfur Battery by In-Operando Transmission X-Ray Microscopy”, J. Power Sources 263, 98-103 (2014)
  2. Bo-Han Huang, Chun-Chieh Wang, Chen-Hong Liao, Pu-Wei Wu*, and Yen-Fang Song*, “Structural Characterization of Colloidal Crystals and Inverse Opals Using Transmission X-ray Microscopy”, J. Colloidal and Interface Science 426, 199-205 (2014)
  3. Xinbing Chen, Chan Jin, Ling Zhao, Linjuan Zhang, Chengzhi Guan, Lihua Wang, Yen-Fang Song, Chun-Cheih Wang, Jia-Qiang Wang*, San Ping Jiang*, “Study on the Cr deposition and poisoning phenomenon at (La0.6Sr0.4)(Co0.2Fe0.8)O3-δ electrode of solid oxide fuel cells by transmission X-ray microscopy”, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 39, 15728-15734 (2014)
  4. Marek S. Żbik*, David J. Williams, Yen-Fang Song*, Chun-Chieh Wang, The formation of a structural framework in gelled Wyoming bentonite: direct observation in aqueous solutions”, J. Colloids and Interface Science 435, 119-127 (2014)
  5. Yang Yang, Ruth Heine, Yin Cheng, Chun-Chieh Wang, Yen-Fang Song, and Tilo Baumbach, “Approaching quantitative Zernike phase contrast in full-field transmission hard X-ray microscopy: origin and reduction of artifacts”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 094101(2014)
  6. Yu-Min Chou, Sheng-Rong Song*, Charles Aubourg*, Teh-Quei Lee*, Yen-Fang Song and En-Chao Yeh, “Quantitative Modeling of the Newly Formed Magnetic Minerals in the Fault Gouge of 1999 Chi-Chi Earthquake (Mw 7.6), Taiwan”, Journal of Geophysical Research - Solid Earth, JBO 11098, 1-11 (2014)
  7. Yueh-Tsai, Chia-Wei Li*, Tzay-Ming Hong, Jen-Zon Ho, En-Cheng Yang, Wen-Yen Wu, G. Margaritondo, Su-ting Hsu, Edwin B. L. Ong, and Y. Hwu†, “Firefly Light Flashing: Oxygen Supply Mechanism”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 258103 (2014)
  8. Kuo-Lun Tung, Kai-Shiun Chang, Tian-Tsair Wu, Nien-Jung Lin, Kueir-Rarn Lee, and Juin-Yih Lai, “Recent advances in the characterization of membrane morphology”, Current Opinion in Chemical Engineering 4, 121 (2014)
2013
  1. Ching-Wen Liao, Yeh-Sheng Lin, Kaushik Chanda, Yen-Fang Song, and Michael H. Huang*, “Formation of diverse supercrystals from self-assembly of a variety of polyhedral gold nanocrystals”, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135, 2684-2693(2013)
  2. Wen-Chin Chen, Yen-Fang Song*, Chun-Chieh Wang, Yijin Liu, Darius T. Morris, Piero A. Pianetta, Joy C. Andrews, Hung-Chun Wu and Nae-Lih Wu* , “Study on Synthesis-Microstructure-Performance Relation of Layered Li-Excess Nickel-Manganese Oxide as Li-Ion Battery Cathode Prepared by High-temperature Calcination ” J. Mater. Chem. A 1, 10847-10856 (2013)
  3. C.C. Chien, P.Y. Tseng, H.H. Chen, T.E. Hua, S.T. Chen, Y.Y. Chen, W.H. Leng, C.H. Wang, Y. Hwu, G.C. Yin, K.S. Liang, F.R. Chen, Y.S. Chu, H.I. Yeh, Y.C. Yang, C.S. Yang, G.L. Zhang, J.H. Je and G. Margaritondo, “Imaging cells and sub-cellular structures with ultrahigh resolution full-field X-ray microscopy” Biotechnol. Adv. (Biotechnology Advances) 31, 375-386 (2013)
2012
  1. Yu-Min Chou, Sheng-Rong Song*, Charles Aubourg*, Teh-Quei Lee, Anne-Marie Boullier , Yen-Fang Song*, En-Chao Yeh, Li-Wei Kuo, & Chien-Ying Wang, “An earthquake slip zone is a magnetic recorder” Geology 40 551-554 (2012)
  2. Yu-Min Chou, Sheng-Rong Song, Charles Aubourg, Yen-Fang Song, Anne-Marie Boullier, Teh-Quei Lee, Mark Evans, En-Chao Yeh, and Yi-Ming Chen “Pyrite alteration and neoformed magnetic minerals in the fault zone of the Chi-Chi earthquake (Mw 7.6, 1999): Evidence for frictional heating and co-seismic fluids” (G-Cubed (Geochemistry, Geophysics and Geosystems, 13, Q08002 (2012)
  3. C-C. Chien, C-C. Cheng, H.H. Chen, Y. Hwu, Y.S. Chu, C. Petibois, A. Chen, Y-T. Ching, G. Margaritondo, “X-ray microscopy and tomographu detect the accumulation of bare and PEG-coated gold nanoparticles in normal and tumor mouse tissues”, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 404, 1287 (2012)
  4. H. R. Wu, S. T. Chen, Y. S. Chu, R. Conley, N. Bouet, C. C. Chien, H. H. Chen, C. H. Lin, H. T. Tung, Y. S. Chen, G. Margaritondo, J. H. Je, and Y. Hwu, “Nanoresolution Radiology of Neurons” J. Phys. D- Appl. Phys. 45 , 242001 (2012)
2011
  1. Chun-Hong Kuo, Yi-Ting Chu, Yen-Fang Song*, and Michael H. Huang*, “Cu2O Nanocrystal-Templated Growth of Cu2S Nanocages with Encapsulated Au Nanoparticles and In-Situ Transmission X-Ray Microscopy Study” Adv. Funct. Mater., 21, 792-797 (2011)
  2. Sung-Chieh Chao, Yen-Fang Song*, Chun-Chieh Wang, Hwo-Shuenn Sheu, Hung-Chun Wu and Nae-Lih Wu*, “Study on Microstructural Deformation of Working Sn and SnSb Anode Particles for Li-Ion Batteries by in Situ Transmission X-ray Microscopy”, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 22040-22047 (2011)
  3. Sung-Chieh Chao, Yu-Chan Yen, Yen-Fang Song*, Hwo-Shuenn Sheu, Hung-Chun Wu and Nae-Lih Wu*, “In Situ Transmission X-ray Microscopy Study on Working SnO Anode Particles of Li-Ion Batteries”, J. Electrochem. Soc. 158, A1335-A1339 (2011)
  4. T.-Y. Chen, Y.-T. Chen, C.-L. Wang, I. M. Kempson, W.-K. Lee, Y. S. Chu, Y. Hwu, and G. Margaritond, “Full-field Microimaging with 8 keV X-rays Achieves a Spatial Resolutions Better Than 20 nm”, Opt. Express 19, 19919 (2011)
2010
  1. Sung-Chieh Chao, Yu-Chan Yen, Yen-Fang Song*, Yi-Ming Chen, Hung-Chun Wu, and Nae-Lih Wu*, “A study on the interior microstructures of working Sn particle electrode of Li-ion batteries by in situ X-ray transmission microscopy” Electrochem. Commun. 12, 234-237(2010)
  2. Marek S. Zbik, Wayde N. Martens, Ray L. Frost, Yen-Fang Song, Yi-Ming Chen, Jian-Hua Chen, “Smectite flocculation structure modified by Al13 macromolecules; as revealed by the Transmission X-ray Microscopy (TXM)”, J. of Colloid and Interface Science 345, 34-40(2010)
  3. Marek S. Zbik, Yen-Fang Song, Ray L. Frost, “Kaolinite flocculation induced by smectite addition- a transmission X-ray microscopic study”, J. of Colloid and Interface Science 349, 86-92(2010)
  4. P.-C. Hsu, Y. Chu, J.-M. Yi, C.-L. Wang, S.-R. Wu, Y. Hwu, and G. Margaritondo, “Dynamical Growth Behavior of Copper Clusters during Electrodeposition”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 033101 (2010) (2013 IF 3.515)
  5. A. H. M. Selim Reza, J. S. Jean, H. J. Yang, M. K. Lee, B. Woodall, C. C. Liu, J. F. Lee, and S. D. Luo, “Occurrence of Arsenic in Core Sediments and Groundwater in the Chapai-nawabganj District, Northwestern Bangladesh”, Water Res. 44, 2021 (2010)
  6. M.-C. Li, G.-W. Chang, T. Lin, R.-M. Ho, W.-T. Chuang, and S. Kooi, “Birefringence Control of Semicrystalline Block Copolymers by Crystallization under Confinement”, Langmuir 26 , 17640 (2010)
2009
  1. B. D. Arhatari, A. G. Peele, K. Hannah, P. Kappen, K. A. Nugent, G. J. Williams, G. C. Yin, Y. M. Chen, J. H. Chen and Y. F. Song, “A coherence approach to phase-contrast microscopy II: Experiment” Ultramicroscopy, 109 (2009) 280-286p
2008
  1. Marek S. Zbik, Ray Frost, Yen-Fang Song, “Advantage and limitations of the synchrotron based transmission X-ray microscopy in the study of the clay aggregate structure in aqueous suspensions” J. of Colloid and Interface Science 319 (2008) 169-174
  2. Marek S. Zbik, Ray L Frost, Yen-Fang Song, Yi-Ming Chen, Jian-Hua Chen, “Transmission X-ray microscopy reveals the clay aggregate discrete structure in aqueous environment”, J. of Colloid and Interface Science 319 (2008) 457-461
  3. Marek S. Zbik, Wayde N. Martens, Ray L. Frost, Yen-Fang Song; Yi-Ming Chen, and Jian-Hua Chen, “Transmission X-ray Microscopy (TXM) Reveals the Nanostructure of Smectite Gel”, Langmuir , 24 8954-8958 (2008)
  4. Y. T. Chen, T. N. Lo, C. W. Chiu, J. Y. Wang, C. L. Wang, C. J. Liu, S.R. Wu, S. t. Jeng, C. C. Yang, J. Shiue, C. H. Chen, Y. Hwu, G. C. Yin, H. M. Lin, J. H. Je and G. Margaritondo, “Fabrication of high-aspect-ratio Fresnel zone plates by e-beam lithography and electroplating”, J. Synchrotron Rad. (2008) 15, 170-175
2007
  1. Gung-Chian Yin, Fu-Rong Chen, Yeukuang Hwu, and Keng S. Liang, “Quantitative phase retrieval in transmission hard x-ray microscope”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 181118 (2007)
  2. Y. F. Song, C. H. Chang , C. Y. Liu, S. H. Chang, U-Ser Jeng, Y. H. Lai, D. G. Liu, J. F. Lee, H. S. Sheu, M. T. Tang, K. L. Tsang, and K. S. Liang, “X-ray Beamlines for structural studies at the NSRRC Superconducting Wavelength Shifter” J. of Synchrotron Rad. 14 320 (2007)
  3. Y. F. Song, C. H. Chang , C. Y. Liu, S. H. Chang, U-Ser Jeng, Y. H. Lai, D. G. Liu, J. F. Lee, H. S. Sheu, M. T. Tang, K. L. Tsang, and K. S. Liang, “Performance of Superconducting Wavelength Shifter X-ray Beamlines” Proceedings of the Nineth International Conference on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation (SRI 2006), AIP conference proceedings 879, 808 (2007)
  4. M. T. Tang, Y. F. Song, G. C. Yin, F. R. Chen, J. H. Chen, Y. M. Chen, K. S. Liang, F. Duewer and W. Yun, “Hard X-ray microscopy with sub 30 nm spatial resolution”, Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation (SRI 2006), AIP conference proceedings 879, 1274 (2007)
  5. J. H. Chen, Y. C. Lee, M. T. Tang, Y. F. Song, “X-ray three-dimensional tomography and chemical imaging of butterfly photonic crystal”, Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation (SRI 2006), AIP conference proceedings 879, 1940 (2007)
2006
  1. Gung-Chian Yin, Mau. T. Tang, Yen-Fang. Song, Fu-Rong Chen, .K. S. Liang , Frederick W. Duewer, Wenbing Yun, Cheng-Hao Ko, and Han-Ping D. Shieh “An energy-tunable transmission x-ray microscope for differential contrast imaging with near 60-nm resolution tomography” , Applied Physics Letters, 88, 241115 (2006)
  2. G. C. Yin, Y. F. Song, M. T. Tang, F. R. Chen, F. W. Duewer, M.Feser, W. Yun, H. P. D. Shieh, and K. S. Liang.” 30 nm resolution x-ray imaging at 8 keV using third order diffraction of a zone plate lens objective in a transmission microscope” Applied Physics Letters 89,221122 (2006)

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